What are the two types of protective tissues in plants?

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The protective tissues in plants consist of epidermis and cork (phellem).

What are the two protective tissues in plants?

There are two kinds of protective tissues: the epidermis and the suber or cork.

How many types of protective tissue are in plants?

There are two main protection tissues: epidermis and periderm. The epidermis is found covering the organs with primary growth and periderm covers the organs with secondary growth. Some authors propose the hypodermis and endodermis as protecton tissues.

What are the two protective layers of the plant cell?

Mechanical properties. All cell walls contain two layers, the middle lamella and the primary cell wall, and many cells produce an additional layer, called the secondary wall.

Where are the protective tissue found in plant body?

Protective tissues are usually present in the outermost layer of the plant body such as leaves, stem and roots and offer protection to the plant body.

What are meristematic and permanent tissue?

Meristematic tissues are composed of stem cells that are undifferentiated, whereas permanent tissues consist of fully differentiated, non-dividing cells.

What are the 4 types of tissue in a plant?

The four types of tissues in plants are meristematic, vascular, ground and dermal tissue.

Is stomata a protective tissue?

1. Stomata is enclosed by two kidney-shaped guarding cells that are necessary for gaseous exchange in the leaf.

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Which are the external protective tissue of the plant?

Epidermis and cork are the plant’s exterior protecting tissues. The epidermis is a protoderm-derived layer of cells that covers a plant’s stem, root, leaf, flower, fruit, and seed components. Mechanical injury, water loss, and infection are all protected by the epidermis and its waxy cuticle.

Why is the epidermis called as a protective covering of plants?

epidermis is called protective tissue because it forms the outermost covering of a plant whic protects the plants from different harmful causes.

What structures protect cells?

The outer lining of a eukaryotic cell is called the plasma membrane. This membrane serves to separate and protect a cell from its surrounding environment and is made mostly from a double layer of proteins and lipids, fat-like molecules.

What is called cellulose?

Cellulose is a molecule, consisting of hundreds – and sometimes even thousands – of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Cellulose is the main substance in the walls of plant cells, helping plants to remain stiff and upright. Humans cannot digest cellulose, but it is important in the diet as fibre.

What is the difference between meristem and meristematic tissue?

Lateral meristems are present at the lateral sides of stems and roots; they increase the girth of stem and root.


Meristematic tissue Permanent tissue
Cell wall of its cells are thin. Cell wall of its cells can be thick or thin.
It has living cells It has both living or non-living cells.

What is the difference between primary meristem and secondary meristem?

Definition. Primary meristem refers to a type of meristem involved in the primary growth and thus gives rise to the primary tissues of the plant while secondary meristem refers to a type of meristem involved in the secondary growth and thus gives rise to the secondary tissues of the plant.

What are the 3 types of tissues in plants?

tissues are dermal, vascular, and ground tissues. Primary dermal tissues, called epidermis, make up the outer layer of all plant organs (e.g., stems, roots, leaves, flowers).

What are the two main types of plant tissues Class 9?

The two basic types of plant tissues are: Meristematic tissue Permanent tissue

  • Meristematic tissue.
  • Permanent tissue.

How many types of plant tissues and their functions?

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Tissue Cell Types Function
Epidermal tissue Parenchyma Protect plant tissues and prevent water loss
Ground tissue Parenchyma Collenchyma Sclerenchyma Makes up bulk of plant mass
Meristematic tissue Parenchyma Divide to produce new growth

Which types of plant tissues are xylem and phloem?

The vascular system is comprised of two main types of tissue: the xylem and the phloem. The xylem distributes water and dissolved minerals upward through the plant, from the roots to the leaves. The phloem carries food downward from the leaves to the roots.

What is the epithelial tissue?

Epithelial tissues are widespread throughout the body. They form the covering of all body surfaces, line body cavities and hollow organs, and are the major tissue in glands. They perform a variety of functions that include protection, secretion, absorption, excretion, filtration, diffusion, and sensory reception.

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What type of tissue is blood?

Blood is a type of connective tissue with a fluid matrix called plasma. It has red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Blood is considered a type of connective tissue because it connects the body systems, transports oxygen and nutrients to all the parts of the body, and removes waste products.

What does meristematic tissue do?

The cells of the meristematic tissue divide actively to form specialized structures such as buds of leaves and flowers, tips of roots and shoots, etc. These cells help to increase the length and girth of the plant.

How does the epidermis act as protective tissue?

It acts as the first line of defence against various types of diseases and infections. It is the outer most layer i.e; it is the first layer of the plant body. It protects the other parts of the body from injuries, bacterial attacks etc.

What is the name of blood cells?

Also called erythrocyte and RBC. Blood cells. Blood contains many types of cells: white blood cells (monocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, and macrophages), red blood cells (erythrocytes), and platelets. Blood circulates through the body in the arteries and veins.

What is largest cell in human body?

Egg cells are the biggest cells in the human body (ovum). They are 20 times larger than sperm cells and have a diameter of roughly 0.1 millimetres.

What prevents a plant cell from bursting?

The cell wall prevents the cell from bursting.

What is called cell membrane?

The cell membrane, also called the plasma membrane, is found in all cells and separates the interior of the cell from the outside environment. The cell membrane consists of a lipid bilayer that is semipermeable. The cell membrane regulates the transport of materials entering and exiting the cell.

Can humans digest plants?

In general, humans can eat seeds, fruits, vegetables, roots, and many other plant parts. That said, our bodies aren’t able to digest them all completely. The outermost layer of every plant cell is the cell wall, which is made of fiber-like compounds like cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignins.

Which one is a polymer of glucose with linear ribbon like structure?

Cellulose is a linear, ribbon-shaped polymer of glucose molecules. The individual glucose units are connected via glycosidic bonds between their C1 and C4 positions, and the anomeric C1 carbon adopts the β-configuration.

What is cambium in plants?

cambium, plural Cambiums, orCambia, in plants, layer of actively dividing cells between xylem (wood) and phloem (bast) tissues that is responsible for the secondary growth of stems and roots (secondary growth occurs after the first season and results in increase in thickness).

What is parenchyma made of?

parenchyma, in plants, tissue typically composed of living cells that are thin-walled, unspecialized in structure, and therefore adaptable, with differentiation, to various functions.

Which is the dead mechanical tissue?

Sclerenchyma is a dead mechanical tissue.

What is the difference between parenchyma and sclerenchyma?

Sclerenchyma is a type of permanent tissue.

Parenchyma Sclerenchyma
Cells are usually loosely packed with large intercellular spaces. There are no intercellular spaces between the cells.
Stores nutrients and water in stems and roots Provides strength to the parts of the plant.
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Why is cambium called as lateral meristem?

Cambium is considered to be a lateral meristem because it is present along the lateral sides of stem and roots. For example, interstellar cambium ring formed by intrafasicular and interfascicular cambium.

What is the function of primary and secondary meristem?

Differentiate between primary meristem and secondary meristem

Primary meristems Secondary meristems
It is responsible for a growth in length. It responsible for growth in term of thickness
Cells are isodiametric i.e. having equal diameters These cells are elongated barrel shaped or rectangular shaped

How many types of tissue are there in plant tissue?

Apical meristem gets differentiated into three types of plant tissues, they are dermal tissues, ground tissues and vascular tissue.

What are different types of plant tissues?

Permanent tissues:

  • Parenchyma. These are alive, polygonal cells with a big central vacuole, and have intercellular spaces amidst them.
  • Collenchyma. These are stretched out, living cells with minute intercellular gaps.
  • Sclerenchyma.
  • Xylem.
  • Phloem.
  • Protective tissues.

What is primary tissue in plants?

Solution. ∙ Primary tissue are the plant tissue which are developed during the primary growth stage of the plants. These primary tissues are are produced from the ground Meristem tissues. ∙ Primary tissues generally includes the epidermis, vascular tissues and the ground tissues.

What are different types of tissue in plants describe simple tissue?

Plant tissues are divided into two broad categories: Meristematic tissue: It is further subdivided into apical, lateral, and intercalary meristems. Permanent tissue: They are of two types. (a) Simple permanent tissues include parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma.

What are meristematic and permanent tissue?

Meristematic tissues are composed of stem cells that are undifferentiated, whereas permanent tissues consist of fully differentiated, non-dividing cells.

How many types of tissue are there in class 9?

There are three types of permanent tissues: Simple Permanent Tissues. Complex Permanent Tissues. Special or Secretory Tissues.

What is the function of xylem tissue?

Xylem is the specialised tissue of vascular plants that transports water and nutrients from the plant–soil interface to stems and leaves, and provides mechanical support and storage. The water-conducting function of xylem is one of the major distinguishing features of vascular plants.

Where is dermal tissue?

The dermal tissue system—the epidermis—is the outer protective layer of the primary plant body (the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds). The epidermis is usually one cell layer thick, and its cells lack chloroplasts.

Where are meristematic tissue found?

Meristematic tissues are found in many locations, including near the tips of roots and stems (apical meristems), in the buds and nodes of stems, in the cambium between the xylem and phloem in dicotyledonous trees and shrubs, under the epidermis of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs (cork cambium), and in the pericycle of …

Why epithelial tissue is called protective tissue?

Epithelial tissue can have one or a combination of the following several functions: Protection: Epithelial tissue protects several aspects of your body. For example, your skin is made up of epithelial tissue and protects the tissues deeper in your body, such as blood vessels, muscle and internal organs.