Save the Children defines child protection as measures and structures to prevent and respond to abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence affecting children. Child protection means safeguarding children from harm. Harm includes violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect.
What is an example of child protection?
These include: recognising and responding to abuse. responding to allegations of abuse made against a child. recruiting the right people to work and volunteer with children.
What is considered a safeguarding concern in children only?
A child or young person safeguarding concern is when they are living in circumstances where there is a significant risk of abuse (physical, sexual, emotional or neglect).
What is the current definition of child protection?
Child protection is part of the safeguarding process. It focuses on protecting individual children identified as suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. This includes child protection procedures which detail how to respond to concerns about a child.
What counts as a safeguarding issue?
What are Safeguarding Issues? Examples of safeguarding issues include bullying, radicalisation, sexual exploitation, grooming, allegations against staff, incidents of self-harm, forced marriage, and FGM. These are the main incidents you are likely to come across, however, there may be others.
What are the four categories of child protection?
Working with children who have child protection plans
If your child is made the subject of a child protection plan, it means that the network of agencies considers your child to be at risk of significant harm in one or more of the following four categories: physical abuse. sexual abuse. emotional abuse.
What are the categories of child protection?
If your child becomes the subject of a Child Protection Plan, then this will be under one of four categories: (actual or likely) physical harm, emotional harm, sexual abuse or neglect. A Plan can also be for more than one category, although this is less common.
What are the 4 main type of abuse?
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child maltreatment as “all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity.” There are four main types of abuse: neglect, physical abuse, …
What to do if a child tells you a safeguarding issue?
What to say to a child and how to respond
- Listen carefully to what they’re saying.
- Give them the tools to talk.
- Let them know they’ve done the right thing by telling you.
- Tell them it’s not their fault.
- Say you’ll take them seriously.
- Don’t confront the alleged abuser.
- Explain what you’ll do next.
What are the 2 main laws for child protection?
There are many different policies and legislation out there regarding safeguarding children, as it is such a fundamental aspect of education and childcare. The key pieces of legislation that you might be aware of are: The Children Act 1989 (as amended). The Children and Social Work Act 2017.
What is the main reason for child protection?
The most important outcomes of child protection are to prevent violence, abuse and exploitation, and to ensure displaced children access to protection services, by establishing or supporting national and community-level child protection systems.
When can you raise a safeguarding concern without consent?
Emergency or life-threatening situations may warrant the sharing of relevant information with the relevant emergency services without consent. The law does not prevent the sharing of sensitive, personal information within organisations.
What are safeguarding issues cafcass?
This includes drug and alcohol misuse, mental health concerns, concerns that a child could be abducted, child abuse, domestic abuse, sexual violence or abuse, and any other welfare concerns. CAFCASS will check what information is held about you and your family.
What is a Section 47 in child protection?
Section 47 investigations
A Section 47 enquiry means that CSC must carry out an investigation when they have ‘reasonable cause to suspect that a child who lives, or is found, in their area is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm’1.
Can social services take my child away? Social services will usually only take a child away from their parents if they believe that the child is at risk of harm or neglect in their current circumstances. They are obliged to investigate any complaints or concerns reported to them.
What are the four types of neglect?
But broadly speaking, there are 4 types of neglect.
- Physical neglect. A child’s basic needs, such as food, clothing or shelter, are not met or they aren’t properly supervised or kept safe.
- Educational neglect. A parent doesn’t ensure their child is given an education.
- Emotional neglect.
- Medical neglect.
Which form of abuse is most common?
By far the most visible form of abuse is physical abuse. This kind of abuse is condemned by almost everyone and it is estimated that one in four women are victims of this kind of abuse. The most common forms of abuse include hitting, throwing and scalding, even suffocation is on the list.
What are the warning signs of child neglect?
Neglect signs and symptoms
- Poor growth.
- Excessive weight with medical complications that are not being adequately addressed.
- Poor personal cleanliness.
- Lack of clothing or supplies to meet physical needs.
- Hoarding or stealing food.
- Poor record of school attendance.
What is considered child neglect?
Neglect is the failure to provide for or meet a child’s basic physical, emotional, educational, and medical needs. Parents or caregivers may leave a child in the care of a person who is known to be abusive, or they may leave a young child unattended. There are many forms of neglect.
If they suspect a child might be at risk of harm, they have to look into the child’s situation and take steps to keep them safe. They might decide to put the child on a protection plan. They may interview or medically examine your child without you present.
What are the 3 R’s in child protection?
So remember, recognise it, record it, report it, refer it. Want more? Want to keep on top of your safeguarding obligations, join Kate and other child protection professionals in The Safeguarding Association community.
Does child protection plan show on DBS?
A Child Protection Plan is not a criminal conviction. It won’t show up on a DBS. That is purely for criminal convictions.
What is the difference between a child in need and child protection?
A child in need plan operates under section 17 of The Children Act 1989 and doesn’t have statutory framework for the timescales of the intervention. It has a lower threshold for accessing services than a child protection plan.
What is a Section 17 safeguarding?
Section 17 of the Act places a general duty on all local authorities to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need. ‘ Basically, a ‘child in need’ is a child who needs additional support from the local authority to meet their potential.
What is child protection in the UK?
Laws are passed to prevent behaviour that can harm children or require action to protect children. Guidance sets out what organisations should do to play their part to keep children safe. At a local level, there are safeguarding partners who are responsible for child protection.
What do the 3 C’s stand for in safeguarding?
Understanding the risks to children
Areas for online risks can be categorised into the 3 C’s – Content, Contact and Conduct, and can be commercial, aggressive or sexual in nature as shown in the table below.
What are the 5 R’s in safeguarding?
What are the 5 Rs of safeguarding?
What happens when a safeguarding issue is raised?
A person will be identified lead the enquiry and they will always talk to the adult at risk wherever they can. They can arrange for the adult at risk to be supported by an advocate.
What happens in a safeguarding investigation?
The investigation will involve: face-to-face contact with the adult at risk of harm including where relevant an assessment of capacity. ascertaining the views and wishes of the adult at risk and providing appropriate support. undertaking an assessment of risk of harm.
What do CAFCASS take into consideration?
CAFCASS will enquire with the police and Children’s Services to find out whether the parents or the child are known to either of them. Historic allegations of domestic violence or abuse will be picked up by CAFCASS in this way provided they have been given the correct names and addresses for all involved.
Do judges always listen to CAFCASS?
As CAFCASS officers are the accepted experts in children matters, the court will usually follow their recommendation for contact, or for a child to live with a parent. But that does not always happen.
What is psychological abuse?
Psychological abuse, sometimes referred to as verbal or emotional abuse, involves the intentional infliction of mental anguish or the provocation of fear of violence or isolation in the older person.
What does mental abuse do to the brain?
Emotional abuse is linked to thinning of certain areas of the brain that help you manage emotions and be self-aware — especially the prefrontal cortex and temporal lobe. Epigenetic changes and depression. Research from 2018 has connected childhood abuse to epigenetic brain changes that may cause depression.
What is the difference between section 17 and 47?
To decide whether the child is a child in need (section 17) or is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm (section 47); To provide support to address those needs to improve the child’s outcomes and welfare and where necessary to make them safe.
What is Section 37 children’s Act?
Section 37 of the Children Act 1989 empowers the court to give directions to the local authorities to conduct investigations into the circumstances of a child. The Court can exercise this power in private law proceedings under Children Act 1989.
How often are child protection visits?
However no child subject to a Child Protection plan should be visited at home less than every 4 weeks, and usually the child should be seen more frequently by the Lead Social Worker than 4 weekly, unless it is part of a clear plan to reduce contact as a CP plan comes to ends.
How long can a child stay on a child protection plan?
How long will my child have a child protection plan for? Usually a child will require a child protection plan for no longer than two years. By that stage the work undertaken with the family usually means that the child is no longer at risk.
Common Reasons Social Services Would Take a Child
- Emotional abuse.
- Physical abuse.
- Sexual abuse.
- Medical neglect.
- If the parents have been incarcerated.
- Serious illness or death of parents.
What does a child protection order mean?
A Child Protection Order is a court order granted by a Sheriff when it is believed a child is likely to be harmed or has suffered significant harm and needs to be immediately moved to keep them safe.
What’s classed as domestic abuse?
We define domestic abuse as an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening, degrading and violent behaviour, including sexual violence, in the majority of cases by a partner or ex-partner, but also by a family member or carer. It is very common.
What happens in a section 47 investigation?
Section 47 investigations
The aim is to decide whether any action should be taken to safeguard the child. The child’s parents/carers will be interviewed, as well as the child (unless the child is too young). The assessment will also include information from the child’s school, doctor and other professionals.
What type of abuse is the hardest to detect?
Emotional or psychological abuse
Emotional abuse often coexists with other forms of abuse, and it is the most difficult to identify.