Which section defines general principles of case and protection of child?

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What are the principles of the Child Protection?

3Underlying principles and standards

Core principles include: the child’s survival and development, best interests of the child, non-discrimination, children’s participation.

What does Article 24 of the United Nations Conference on the Rights of the Child state?

Every child shall have the right to maintain on a regular basis a personal relationship and direct contact with both his or her parents, unless that is contrary to his or her interests.

What does Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child state?

Article 12 of the Convention establishes the right of every child to freely express her or his views, in all matters affecting her or him, and the subsequent right for those views to be given due weight, according to the child’s age and maturity.

What are the 5 most important children’s rights?

Children’s rights include the right to health, education, family life, play and recreation, an adequate standard of living and to be protected from abuse and harm. Children’s rights cover their developmental and age-appropriate needs that change over time as a child grows up.

What is a child protection issue?

For example failure to provide adequate food, shelter or supervision. PHYSICAL ABUSE – deliberately inflicting physical injury to a child. For example poisoning, shaking or hitting. SEXUAL ABUSE – involving a child or young person in sexual activities whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.

What are the 4 areas of child protection?

Working with children who have child protection plans

If your child is made the subject of a child protection plan, it means that the network of agencies considers your child to be at risk of significant harm in one or more of the following four categories: physical abuse. sexual abuse. emotional abuse.

What are the 12 rights of a child PPT?

Right to learn to be a useful member of society and to develop in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. 8. 9. Right to be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among people, peace and universal brotherhood.

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What are the 12 rights of a child in India?

In India, a child has the right to be protected from neglect, exploitation, and abuse at home and elsewhere. Children have the right to be protected from the incidence of abuse, exploitation, violence, neglect, commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, child labour, and harmful traditional practices to name a few.

What are the 12 basic Rights of the Child?

12 Child Rights Everyone Should Know

  • Non-discrimination.
  • Family.
  • Health.
  • Protection From Harm.
  • Identity.
  • Education.
  • Freedom of Thought.
  • Access to Information.

What is the meaning of Article 13?

13. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights. (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.

What does Section 28 of the Constitution say?

This section gives children the right to a name, citizenship and some form of care. Children need food and shelter, and should be protected from abuse, neglect and degradation.

Who is a child age?

Biological, legal and social definitions

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines child as, “A human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.” This is ratified by 192 of 194 member countries.

What are the 5 P’s in child protection?

The 5 P’s of child protection are: Prevention, Paramountcy, Partnership, Protection and Parental Responsibility.

What is an example of child protection?

These include: recognising and responding to abuse. responding to allegations of abuse made against a child. recruiting the right people to work and volunteer with children.

What is Section 17 of the Childrens Act?

The Children Act 1989

Section 17 of the Act places a general duty on all local authorities to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need. ‘ Basically, a ‘child in need’ is a child who needs additional support from the local authority to meet their potential.

What is the main principle of the children’s Act 1989?

The 1989 Act centres on the idea children are best cared for within their own families and every effort should be made to support that, where possible. It emphasises that the child’s welfare is paramount when making decisions about their upbringing and their wishes and feelings should be taken into account.

What is the Article 22?

Constitution of India. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases. (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest nor shall he be denied the right to consult, and to be defended by, a legal practitioner of his choice.

What does Article 25 say?

Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. (1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion.

How many child rights are there?

There are four broad classifications of these rights. These four categories cover all civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of every child. Right to Survival: A child’s right to survival begins before a child is born.

What are the 10 rights of a child?

Child Rights in India – Right To Education And Health

  • Right to Survival: • Right to be born. • Right to minimum standards of food, shelter and clothing.
  • Right to Protection: • Right to be protected from all sorts of violence.
  • Right to Participation: • Right to freedom of opinion.
  • Right to Development: • Right to education.

What is role of state in child protection?

In Article 23 Paragraph 1 of Law Number 35 Year 2014 on Child Protection states that the State, Government and Local Government guarantees the protection, maintenance and welfare of the Child with due regard to the rights and obligations of Parents, Guardians or other persons legally responsible Against the Child.

What is the Article 12 and 13?

Article 12 of the Constitution of India is of greatest importance as it defines what is State. Further, Article 13 of the Constitution of India specifies which acts of the State are regulated by the Constitution so that State does not abuse the powers given to it by the Constitution.

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Why Article 12 is a fundamental right?

What does Article 12 of the Constitution mean? Article 12 defines the term ‘state’ it says that-Unless the context otherwise requires the term ‘state’ includes the following – 1) The Government and Parliament of India that is Executive and Legislature of the Union. 2) The Government and Legislature of each states.

What does the Constitution say about children’s rights?

Parents are required to meet the child’s basic needs. Minors also have rights under the U.S. Constitution. Specifically, they have the right to equal protection, which means that every child is entitled to the same treatment at the hands of authority regardless of race, gender, disability, or religion.

Which are the children’s rights?

Children’s rights are economic, social and cultural rights, such as the right to education, the right to a decent standard of living, the right to health, etc. Children’s rights include individual rights: the right to live with his or her parents, the right to education, the right to benefit from protection, etc.

What is the meaning of Article 13 section 2?


Section 2. The promotion of social justice shall include the commitment to create economic opportunities based on freedom of initiative and self-reliance.

What does Article 14 say?


1.1 Article 14 of the Constitution of India reads as under: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”

What is a Section 11 audit?

This ‘Section 11 Audit’ is designed to allow the Multi Agency Safeguarding Arrangements (MASA) to assure itself that agencies placed under a duty to co-operate by this legislation are fulfilling their responsibilities to safeguard children and promote their welfare.

Why was the children’s Act 2004 introduced?

The Act was created with a certain set of goals. Its primary purpose was to give boundaries and help for local authorities and/or other entities to better regulate official intervention in the interests of children.

What does Section 36 of the Constitution say?

In terms of section 36(1) of the Constitution, the general requirements for the limitation of any right is that it may be limited only in terms of law of general application “to the extent that the limitation is reasonable and justifiable in an open and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom”.

What does Section 11 of the Constitution say?

Brief Description. (2) Every person has the right to security of the person, which includes the right to be free from any form of violence from any source, at home, school, work or in any other place.

How old is a newborn?

Definitions. Newborn usually refers to a baby from birth to about 2 months of age. Infants can be considered children anywhere from birth to 1 year old. Baby can be used to refer to any child from birth to age 4 years old, thus encompassing newborns, infants, and toddlers.

Why are children called kids?

It is an early borrowing from Old Norse “kið” (“young goat”), and its descendants can still be found in modern Scandinavian languages, e.g. “killing” (literally “kid-ling”) in Swedish (also meaning “young goat”). However, the word “kid” itself in Swedish now means “a young deer”.

What is Section 46 of the children’s Act?

46 Removal and accommodation of children by police in cases of emergency. E+W. (b)take such steps as are reasonable to ensure that the child’s removal from any hospital, or other place, in which he is then being accommodated is prevented.

What is Section 37 children’s Act?

Section 37 of the Children Act 1989 empowers the court to give directions to the local authorities to conduct investigations into the circumstances of a child. The Court can exercise this power in private law proceedings under Children Act 1989.

What are the 6 RS of child protection?

What are the six principles of safeguarding?

  • Empowerment. People being supported and encouraged to make their own decisions and informed consent.
  • Prevention. It is better to take action before harm occurs.
  • Proportionality. The least intrusive response appropriate to the risk presented.
  • Protection.
  • Partnership.
  • Accountability.

What are the 3 R’s in child protection?

So remember, recognise it, record it, report it, refer it. Want more? Want to keep on top of your safeguarding obligations, join Kate and other child protection professionals in The Safeguarding Association community.

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What is a child protection issue?

For example failure to provide adequate food, shelter or supervision. PHYSICAL ABUSE – deliberately inflicting physical injury to a child. For example poisoning, shaking or hitting. SEXUAL ABUSE – involving a child or young person in sexual activities whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.

What is child protection system?

Child protection systems have been defined as “certain formal and informal structures, functions and capacities that have been assembled to prevent and respond to violence, abuse, neglect, and exploitation of children” (UNICEF, UNHCR, Save The Children, & World Vision, 2012: 3).

Why was the child protection Act 1999 introduced?

The Protection of Children Act 1999 was passed, aiming to prevent paedophiles from working with children. It requires childcare organisations in England and Wales to provide the Department of Health (DoH) with details of anyone known to them who is suspected of harming children or putting them at risk.

What is Section 10 of the children’s Act?

Section 10 of the Children Act 2004 requires each local authority to make arrangements to promote cooperation between the authority, each of the authority’s relevant partners and such other persons or bodies working with children in the local authority’s area as the authority considers appropriate.

What is Section 31 of the children’s Act?

Section 31 of the Children Act 1989 – Care Order

The court can create a care order under Section 31(1) (a) of the Children Act, placing a child in the care of a designated local authority, with parental responsibility being shared between the parents and the local authority.

What is Part 3 of the Children Act 1989?

(3)Any service provided by an authority in the exercise of functions conferred on them by this section may be provided for the family of a particular child in need or for any member of his family, if it is provided with a view to safeguarding or promoting the child’s welfare.

Who wrote the children’s Act 1989?

Children Act 1989

Citation 1989 Chapter 41
Introduced by The Lord Chancellor, Lord Mackay of Clashfern, 23 November 1988
Territorial extent England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland
Royal assent 16 November 1989

What are Articles 23 and 24 about?

The Right against Exploitation is enshrined in Articles 23 and 24 of the Indian Constitution. These are important Fundamental Rights that guarantee every citizen protection from any kind of forced labour.

What is Article 23 of the human Rights Act?

Article 23

Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

What is Article 22 of article 8 of the Constitution?

Article 22 of the Constitution

The right to be brought before a judge within 24 hours of arrest. The right not to be ill-treated or tortured while being arrested or detained. Confessions made in police custody will not be used as evidence against the accused.

Is Article 22 a fundamental right?

Article 22

This article is applicable to both citizens and non-citizens. This provision extends certain procedural safeguards for individuals in case of an arrest. It comes into the picture after a person has been arrested. It is not a fundamental right against detention and arrest.

What is the Article 26?

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.

What is the Article 28?

Constitution of India. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions. (1) No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds.

Who is child in India?

The 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as an individual who has not attained the age of 18 years. In India, different laws define the words ‘child’ and ‘minor’ differently. At the receiving end of this ambiguity are children between the ages of 15-18.